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Mahmood Kapustin
Mahmood Kapustin

Conclusion for an Essay on WW1: The War that Changed the World

Conclusion for an Essay on WW1: The War that Changed the World

World War 1 (WW1) was one of the most devastating and influential wars in human history. It lasted from 1914 to 1918 and involved more than 70 million soldiers from 32 countries. The war resulted in over 37 million casualties, including 8.6 million deaths, making it one of the deadliest conflicts ever. But what was the conclusion of WW1? How did it end and what were its consequences? In this essay, we will explore the main events that led to the end of WW1, the peace treaty that followed, and the impact of the war on the world.

The End of WW1

The war was fought mainly between two alliances: the Allies (France, Britain, Russia, Italy, Japan, and later the United States) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria). The war was triggered by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary in Sarajevo by a Serbian nationalist on June 28, 1914. The war soon became a global conflict as the alliances mobilized their troops and declared war on each other. The war was characterized by trench warfare, new technologies such as tanks, airplanes, submarines, and chemical weapons, and massive battles such as Verdun, Somme, Gallipoli, and Ypres.

conclusion for an essay on ww1

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The war reached a stalemate by 1917 as both sides suffered heavy losses and failed to achieve a decisive breakthrough. However, several factors changed the course of the war in favor of the Allies. First, the United States entered the war in April 1917 after Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare and tried to lure Mexico into an alliance against the US. Second, Russia withdrew from the war in March 1918 after a communist revolution overthrew the tsarist regime and signed a separate peace treaty with Germany. Third, Germany launched a final offensive in spring 1918 but failed to capture Paris or break through the Allied lines. Fourth, the Allied forces launched a counter-offensive in summer 1918 with fresh American troops and pushed back the German army.

The Central Powers began to collapse as their allies surrendered one by one: Bulgaria in September 1918, Ottoman Empire in October 1918, Austria-Hungary in November 1918. Germany was left alone and faced with a naval blockade, internal unrest, food shortages, and military defeat. On November 11, 1918, Germany signed an armistice with the Allies that ended the fighting on the Western Front. The war was officially over.

The Peace Treaty of Versailles

The end of WW1 did not mean peace for Europe. The victorious Allies met in Paris in January 1919 to negotiate a peace treaty that would shape the post-war world. The main participants were France, Britain, Italy, Japan, and the United States. Germany and its allies were not invited to attend or have any say in the treaty. The treaty was signed on June 28, 1919 at Versailles Palace near Paris.

The treaty had several provisions that aimed to punish Germany and prevent another war. Some of these provisions were:

  • Germany had to accept full responsibility for causing the war and pay reparations to the Allies for all the damage they caused.

  • Germany had to reduce its army to 100,000 men, abolish conscription, surrender its navy and air force, and demilitarize its border with France.

  • Germany had to cede Alsace-Lorraine to France, Eupen-Malmedy to Belgium, parts of Prussia to Poland and Lithuania, colonies in Africa and Asia to Britain and France.

  • Germany had to recognize the independence of Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania.

A League of Nations 0efd9a6b88


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